Written by Prerna Golwara Monday, 26 July 2010 00:00
But disillusionment of the youth can be disastrous for any country. The political equations of the world have changed drastically in last couple of decades, with disgruntled youth turning to an arms struggle against the establishment or for a "cause". The international term for this group of destructive youth is "terrorists".
Naxalite Movement - What is Naxalism?
Naxalism is a loose term for the armed uprising by Left wing activists in West Bengal under the leadership of Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal in 1967. The term Naxalite was given to the activists because the uprising started in Naxalbari village.
Naxalites, also called Maoists as they follow the 'violent revolution' theory of Chinese leader Mao Zedong, are operating in roughly 92,000 square kilometers in India. Reports from intelligence agencies like RAW (Research & Analysis Wing) suggest that there are almost 20,000 Naxalites across Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
Naxal Struggle and Young blood
The movement has attracted many young men and women, throwing a debate whether the movement is ruining an entire generation of youth as many think happened in the first such episode in Bengal in 1970s. Their wide presence and violent approach had prompted the Prime Minister, Mr Manmohan Singh, to declare the group the most serious threat to national security. In a press conference on May 24 in New Delhi, Singh had said, "This is a problem which has acquired (such a) magnitude that cooperation between the Centre and states is absolutely necessary and the Central government must help states in every possible way." The Home Minister, P. Chidambaram, had soon clarified that it was the state government's primary responsibility to tackle the "menace" of the Naxalites.
The Prime Minister has also ruled out any differences of opinion between the Central and the state governments handling the issue.